Song of Solomon 1:1-2:2 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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The First Meeting
Comments for Study 1

Song of Solomon 1:1-2:2
Memory Verse: 4

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I. Title (1:1)

>1. Who wrote this book?

* Song of Songs 1:1 "Solomon's Song of Songs."

* "Solomon"

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>What is it called?

* "Song of Songs"

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II. Exchange Between Beloved, Friends, Beloved (1:2-7)

>2. How does the beloved express her love in verses 2 and 3?

* Song of Songs 1:2-3 "Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth-- for your love is more delightful than wine. Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes; your name is like perfume poured out. No wonder the maidens love you!"

* "Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth"

* "your love is more delightful than wine'

* "Pleasing is the fragrance of your perfumes"

* "your name is like perfume poured out."

* "No wonder the maidens love you!"

>Who is her lover? (4a)

* Song of Songs 1:4a "Take me away with you--let us hurry! Let the king bring me into his chambers."

* "king" -Probably Solomon wrote this for one of his weddings. The most likely is his wedding with Pharaoh's daughter. (5-6; 1 Kings 3:1)

* 1 Kings 3:1 "Solomon made an alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt and married his daughter. He brought her to the City of David until he finished building his palace and the temple of the LORD, and the wall around Jerusalem."

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>How are we lovers of the King of kings? (Rev. 19:16; John 15:9)

* Revelation 19:16 "On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS."

* John 15:9 "As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Now remain in my love."

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>3. Where does she want to go?

* "Take me away with you--let us hurry!"

* "into his chambers"

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>How does this reflect our desire to be with Jesus? (John 14:2-4; and 1 Thessalonians 4:14-18)

* John 14:2-4 "In my Father's house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am. You know the way to the place where I am going."

* 1 Thessalonians 4:14-18 "We believe that Jesus died and rose again and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him. According to the Lord's own word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left till the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. Therefore encourage each other with these words."

* 1 Corinthians 1:30-31 "It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God--that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Therefore, as it is written: "Let him who boasts boast in the Lord."

* 1 Peter 5:14 "Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace to all of you who are in Christ."

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>4. How did the friends respond? (4b)

* Song of Songs 1:4b "Friends. We rejoice and delight in you; we will praise your love more than wine. Beloved How right they are to adore you!"

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>How did John the Baptist claim the role of the friend of the bridegroom? (John 3:27-29)

* John 3:27-29 "To this John replied, "A man can receive only what is given him from heaven. You yourselves can testify that I said, 'I am not the Christ but am sent ahead of him.' The bride belongs to the bridegroom. The friend who attends the bridegroom waits and listens for him, and is full of joy when he hears the bridegroom's voice. That joy is mine, and it is now complete."

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>How did Jesus claim the role of the bridegroom to John's disciples? (Matthew 9:14-15)

* Matthew 9:14-15 "Then John's disciples came and asked him, "How is it that we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?" Jesus answered, "How can the guests of the bridegroom mourn while he is with them? The time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them; then they will fast."

* Also in Mark 2:19-20 and Luke 5:34-35.

* Matthew 25:1-5 "At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish and five were wise. The foolish ones took their lamps but did not take any oil with them. The wise, however, took oil in jars along with their lamps. The bridegroom was a long time in coming, and they all became drowsy and fell asleep."

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>5. How is the bride described? (5-6)

* Song of Songs 1:5-6 "Dark am I, yet lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, dark like the tents of Kedar, like the tent curtains of Solomon. Do not stare at me because I am dark, because I am darkened by the sun. My mother's sons were angry with me and made me take care of the vineyards; my own vineyard I have neglected."

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>How is the a description of our state not, before Jesus comes again? (1 Corinthians 15:42-44, 50-51; and 1 John 3:2)

* 1 Corinthians 15:42-44 "So will it be with the resurrection of the dead. The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable; it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body."

* 1 Corinthians 15:50-51 "I declare to you, brothers, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed"

* 1 John 3:2 "Dear friends, now we are children of God, and what we will be has not yet been made known. But we know that when he appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is."

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>Since she left her family where is she and where does she want to be? (7)

* Song of Songs 1:7 "Tell me, you whom I love, where you graze your flock and where you rest your sheep at midday. Why should I be like a veiled woman beside the flocks of your friends?"

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III. Exchange Between Beloved and Lover (1:8-2:2)

>6. How does the bridegroom tell his bride to get to him and what does he promise her? (8-11)

* Song of Songs 1:8-11 "If you do not know, most beautiful of women, follow the tracks of the sheep and graze your young goats by the tents of the shepherds. I liken you, my darling, to a mare harnessed to one of the chariots of Pharaoh. Your cheeks are beautiful with earrings, your neck with strings of jewels. We will make you earrings of gold, studded with silver."

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>Who are his sheep?

* Ezekiel 34:22-24 "I will save my flock, and they will no longer be plundered. I will judge between one sheep and another. I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend them; he will tend them and be their shepherd. I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David will be prince among them. I the LORD have spoken."

* John 10:14-18 "I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me-- just as the Father knows me and I know the Father--and I lay down my life for the sheep. I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to my voice, and there shall be one flock and one shepherd. The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life--only to take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father."

* John 10:26-30 "but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father's hand. I and the Father are one."

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>7. What plant products are used to describe the lover in verses 12-14?

* Song of Songs 1:12-14 "While the king was at his table, my perfume spread its fragrance. My lover is to me a sachet of myrrh resting between my breasts. My lover is to me a cluster of henna blossoms from the vineyards of En Gedi."

* "my perfume spread its fragrance"

* "sachet" - A sachet is a small bag, case, or pad containing perfuming powder or the like, placed among handkerchiefs, lingerie, etc., to impart a pleasant scent.

* "myrrh" -Myrrh is an aromatic resinous exudation from certain plants of the genus Myrrhis, a small spiny tree. It has been and still is used for incense and perfume for the living and dead. Mryyh in Israel was known as the gift for a prophet.

* "henna" -Henna is an Asian shrub or small tree, Lawsonia inermis, of the loosestrife family, having elliptic leaves and fragrant flowers. Its leaves are used to make a reddish-orange dye or cosmetic.

* "En Gedi" -En Gedi means place of the young goat. En Gedi (Hazazon-tamar) a major oasis along the western side of the Dead Sea about 35 miles southeast of Jerusalem on a major trade route. The springs of Engedi are full, and the vegetation is semitropical. Both biblical and extra-biblical sources describe Engedi as a source of fine dates, aromatic plants used in perfumes, and medicinal plants.

>8. How is declaring our spouses beauty important to a relationship? (15-17)

* Song of Songs 1:15-17 "How beautiful you are, my darling! Oh, how beautiful! Your eyes are doves. How handsome you are, my lover! Oh, how charming! And our bed is verdant. The beams of our house are cedars; our rafters are firs."

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>Does God declare his love for us?

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>How can we declare our love for God?

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>9. What flowers are used to describe the bride?

* Song of Songs 2:1 "I am a rose of Sharon, a lily of the valleys."

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>What does the bridegroom add to that description? (2)

* Song of Songs 2:2 "Like a lily among thorns is my darling among the maidens."

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>What can we learn about the reciprocal love relationship we have with Jesus from this study?

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