Isaiah 9:1-10:4 Comments by Stephen Ricker
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To Us a Child is Born
Comments for Study 7

Isaiah 9:1-10:4
Memory Verse: 6

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I. To Us a Child is Born (1-9)

>1. Who do people in distress refer to? (1-2, 7:1-2; Luke 1:79)

* Isaiah 9:1-2 "Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the Gentiles, by the way of the sea, along the Jordan-- he people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned."

* "When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel marched up to fight against Jerusalem, but they could not overpower it. Now the house of David was told, 'Aram has allied itself with Ephraim so the hearts of Ahaz and his people were shaken, as the trees of the forest are shaken by the wind." (7:1-2)

* Luke 1:79 "to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the path of peace."

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>How did God humble the people in the land of Naphtali and Zebulun? (Gen. 30:7-8, 19-20, 49:13, 21; John 1:46)

* "In the past he humbled the land of ebulun and the land of Naphtali..." (1b)

* "Rachel's servant Bihah conceived again and bore Jacob a second sonn. Then Rachel said, 'I have had a great struggle with my sister, and I have won.' So she named him Naphtali" (Gen. 30:7-8, Leah conceived again and bore Jacob a sixth son. Then Leah said, 'God has presented me with a precious gift. This time my husband will treat me with honor, because I have borne him six sons. So she named him Zebulun." (Gen 30:19-20)

* "Zebulun will live by the seashore and become a haven for ships; his border will extend toward Sidon." (Gen. 30:13)

* "Naphtali is a doe set free that bears beautiful fawns" (Gen. 49:13)

* "Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?' Nathanael asked." (John 1:46a)

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>Do you recall any prominent leaders from these two tribes in the history of Israel?

* No.

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>2. How does God give hope and joy to the people living in darkness? (3-5; Matt. 4:12-17; Rom. 16:25-26)

* Isaiah 9:3-5 "You have enlarged the nation and increased their joy; they rejoice before you as people rejoice at the harvest, as men rejoice when dividing the plunder. For as in the day of Midian's defeat, you have shattered the yoke that burdens them, the bar across their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor. Every warrior's boot used in battle and every garment rolled in blood will be destined for burning, will be fuel for the fire."

* "When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he returned to Galilee. Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali-to fulfill what was said through the prophet Isaiah: 'Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the way to the sea, along he Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles-the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.' From that time on Jesus began to preach, 'Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.'" (Matt. 4:12-17)

* "Now to him who is able to establish you by my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past put now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all nations might believe and obey him." (Rom. 16:25-26)

* In many and all ways.

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>3. How does God ultimately help his people?

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>What are the 4 titles of the Son, Immanuel, and what does each mean? (6)

* Wonderful Counselor -

* Mighty God -

* Everlasting Father -

* Prince of Peace -

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>4. What will be the character of Immanuel's reign? (7a)

* "Of the increase of his government and peace there will be not end." (7a)

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>How does he heal unbelief and fear?

* "He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this." (7b)

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>How can this be accomplished? (7b)

* "He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the Lord Almighty will accomplish this." (7b)

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>5. What is the repeated phrase in verses 8-21? (12b, 17b, 21)

* "Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised."

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>What does the repetition of this phrase reveal about God's deep love for his rebellious people?

* He will help them until they repent.

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>6. What was the people's attitude toward their broken walls and fig trees ruined by invasions? (10)

* "The bricks have fallen down, but we will rebuild with dressed stone; the fig trees have been felled, but we will replace them with cedars." (10)

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>Why did they refuse to admit defeat? (9; John 8:33)

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* "All the people will know it-Ephraim and the inhabitants of Samaria-who say with pride and arrogance of heart." (9)

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>Why did God spur enemies on? (11)

* "But the Lord has strengthened Rezin's foes against them and has spurred their enemies on." (11)

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II. The Lord's Anger Against Israel (9:10-10:4)

>7. What was the people's response to God's love? (13)

* "But the people has not returned in him who struck them, nor have they sought the Lord Almighty." (13)

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>How would God deal with godless political and religious leaders?

* "the elders and prominent men are the head, the prophets who teach lies are the tail. These who guide this people mislead them, and those who are guided are led astray. Therefore the Lord will take no pleasure in the young men, nor will he pity the fatherless and widows, for everyone is ungodly and wicked, every mouth speaks vileness." (15-17)

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>Why did he call them "head" and "tail"? (14-16)

* Isaiah 9:14-16 "So the LORD will cut off from Israel both head and tail, both palm branch and reed in a single day; the elders and prominent men are the head, the prophets who teach lies are the tail. Those who guide this people mislead them, and those who are guided are led astray."

* They are the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

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>Why can God not show pity even on the most helpless and vulnerable people? (17, 19)

* "For everyone is ungodly and wicked, every mouth speaks vileness." (17b)

* "By the wrath of the Lord Almighty the land will be scorched and the people will be fuel for the fire; no one will spare his brother." (19)

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>8. What happens to individuals and society when people live ungodly lives? (9:18-21; 10:1-4)

* "Surely wickedness burns like a fire; it consumes briers and thorns, it sets the forest thickets ablaze, so that it rolls upward in a column of smoke. by the wrath of the Lord Almighty the land will be scorched and the people will be fuel for the fire; no one will spare his brother. On the right they will devour, but still be hungry; on the left they will eat, but not be satisfied. Each will feed on the flesh of his own offspring. Manasseh will feed on Ephraim, and Ephraim on Manasseh; together they will turn against Judah." (18-21a)

* "Who to those who make unjust laws, to those who issue oppressive decrees, to deprive the poor of their rights and withhold justice from the oppressed of my people, making widows their prey and robbing the fatherless. What will you do on the day of reckoning, when disaster comes from afar? To whom will you run for help? Where will you leave yor riches? Nothing will remain but t cringe among the captives or fall among the slain." (10:1-4a)

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>Does God abandon such godless people? (54:8, 55:3; and 2 Sam. 7:14-15, 54:8, 55:3)

* "In a surge of anger I hid my face from you for a moment, but with everlasting kindness I will have compassion on you,' says the Lord your Redeemer." (Is. 54:8)

* "Give ear and come to me; hear me, that your soul may live. I will make an everlasting covenant with you, my faithful love promised to David." (Is. 55:3)

* "I will be his father, and he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will punish him with the rod of men, with floggings inflicted by men. But my love will never be taken away from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you." (2 Sa. 7:14-15)

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>What does he do and why? (Heb. 12:6)

* "because the Lord disciplines those he loves, and he punishes everyone he accepts as a son." (Heb. 12:6)

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