INTRODUCTION TO THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
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- Apostle John
John, the writer of this Gospel, was the son of Zebedee and one of the Twelve. Along with his brother, James, and with Peter, he belonged to the inner circle of disciples, a group that was near Christ on such occasions as the transfiguration and the agony in Gethsemane. It was to John that our Lord on the cross commended his mother. John appears with Peter in the first part of Acts and is refereed to by Pau1 as one of the three "pi11ars" of the Church in Jerusalem. (Gal. 2:9) His other writings are the Epistles bearing his name, and Revelation.
- A.D. 85-90 while in Ephesus according the church history.
- Christ in His Deity
John's purpose in his Gospel was, as he plainly declares, "That you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and by believing you may have life in his name". (John 20:31) Therefore, he presents Christ as the Son of God (John 1:34,49; etc.), who was sent from God (John 3:2,6; 46; etc.), and always spoke the message God gave Him (John 3:34; 17: 16-17; etc.). In accordance with the purpose of this Gospel, the words "believe," and "life," and the titles, "Son" and "Son of God," are used many more times than in the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke). Other characteristic words of John are "true," "truth," "love," "witness," and "world" (Greek kosmos). John alone records the great "I am" declarations of Christ (John 6:35; 8:12; 10:7,11; 11:25; 14:6) and gives the sayings of Christ introduced by the so1emn, "I te11 you the truth..." (John 1:51; 5:19,24,25, etc.) Moreover, he alone reports the great controversy between Christ and His enemies (John 7-12).