Justification Through Faith
Questions for Study 3
Memory Verse: 3:24
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I. No One is Righteous (2:17-3:20)
1. What are the advantages of the Jews and of those who have studied the Bible? (2:17-24; 3:1-2) How can these strengths become weaknesses that make the people of God enemies of God's redemptive work in the world? (23, 24)
2. What kind of circumcision is valuable? What does this mean? (2:25-29; Dt. 10:16; 10:6; Jer. 4:4) From whom should God's people seek praise? How can we please God? (29)
3. What is the advantage of being a Jew or being born into a Christian home? Does a man's failure to be a steward of his opportunities cancel God's faithfulness?
4. What do the quotations from the Old Testament (3:10-18) show about what it means to be under the power of sin? What is Paul's conclusion about the condition of all men? What is the purpose of the Law? (3:19-20) What is the situation of men without God? (3:10; 3:23; 6:23; Rev. 21:8; Heb. 9:27)
II. God's Righteousness and Man's Faith in the Son (21-26)
5. Read verse 21. What is "a righteousness from God" to which the Law and Prophets testify? (Gen. 3:15, 22:18; Isa. 9:6-7) What did God do instead of punishing sinners? How did he keep his promises in this?
6. How is the "wrath of God" (1:18) different from "a righteousness from God"? (3:21) What is the situation of mankind? (3:19-20, 23; 6:23a) Why does all mankind need this righteousness from God?
7. How can we obtain this righteousness? From whom does it come? To whom is it available? (22)
8. Read verse 24. What does "redemption" mean? (Think about what it means to be redeemed from slavery. Ex. 6:5-6) How does God redeem man from sin? (Eph. 1:7-8; 1 Pet. 1:18-19)
9. Read 25a. What is a sacrifice of atonement? (Lev. 17:11; Heb. 9:12, 14, 22; 1 Jn. 1:7b) What does it mean that Jesus' blood atones for our sins? What practical change does this bring in our lives? (Lk. 1:74-75)
10. Read 24 again. What is "justification"? How is this different from self-justification? What does it mean to be justified freely by his grace? (Eph. 2:8-9) What does this show about the necessity of redemption and atonement? (26)
11. What is grace? (Think about the two thieves who hung on crosses with Jesus. Lk. 23:42-43)
III. God's Character in His Redemption (3:25b, 26)
12. What do these verses teach us about God's justice? What does it mean that God is just? What reveals God's love? (26b; 5:8; Jn. 3:16) Why is only faith in Jesus, and nothing else, necessary? (22, 26b-31)
IV. Abraham and David, Forefathers of Faith (4:1-8)
13. What characterizes Abraham's faith? (1-3) What did he believe? (4:1-5; 9-25; Gen. 15:1-6)
14. What did David have in common with Abraham? (4:6-8) What did David learn about the blessedness of being forgiven? (4:7, 8; Ps. 32: 1-5; 2 Sa. 12:7-13) How can we apply these lessons of faith? (4:23-25)