John 18:1-19:16a Questions by Stephen Ricker
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Jesus Drinks the Cup of Sorrow
Questions for Study 23

John 18:1-19:16a
Key Verse: 18:11


I. Jesus Was Arrested (18:1-11)

1. Where did Jesus and his disciples go after Jesus finished praying the high priestly prayer? What did they do there? (Mt. 26:38-39)

2. Read verses 2-11. Who came to arrest Jesus? What part did Judas play? What shows that Jesus was in control of the situation? (4-6) How did the mob respond to Jesus? What does this show about Jesus?

3. What was Jesus' first concern in this time of crisis? (8; 17:11) Why did he surrender to his arresters so easily? (9, 11) What did Peter do? What does this show about him? What does Jesus mean by "the cup the Father has given me"?

II. Jesus Was Tried (12-40)

4. Where was Jesus taken? How did the writer identify the legal high priest? How did Peter get into the courtyard of the high priest? What was his unplanned response to the girl's question? What did he do after that? Why did he speak and act this way?

5. What did the high priest question Jesus about? How did Jesus answer? Why was he so angry at Jesus' answer? Who struck Jesus and how did Jesus respond? (Mt. 26:57-68, 27:1, 2 for details of the Sanhedrin trial.) What can you learn about Jesus here?

6. In the meantime, what was Simon Peter doing? What happened to him? (25-27) What did he fear? Why was he so weak?

7. Read about the trial before Pilate (28-40). Why did the Jews hand Jesus over to Pilate? How did this fulfill the words Jesus had spoken? (3:14) Why was Pilate not happy to have Jesus brought to him?

8. What charge had been brought against Jesus? What did Pilate ask him? How did Jesus respond? When Pilate admitted Jesus' trial was not his idea, what did Jesus teach him about his kingdom? What does it mean?

9. What opportunity did Jesus give Pilate to stand on the side of God and truth? What did Pilate really think of Jesus, and how did he attempt to release him? Why did he ask, "What is truth?"

III. Jesus Was Arrested to be Crucified (19:1-16a)

10. Why and how did Pilate mock Jesus' kingship and have him flogged? What shows his compromising spirit? Why is he ultimately responsible for Jesus' death? What did Jesus teach Pilate about himself? (7-11)

11. How did the words and actions of the Jewish leaders show the corruption in their hearts?

12. Think about the meaning of Jesus' arrest, trial, and death in light of 2 Co. 5:10; Isa. 53:6; Jn. 10:11 and 1 Pe. 2:24.